Author: A. Juss.
English name: Neem Tree, Margosa tree, Indian lilac
Tamil name: Vempu, Veppu
All over tropical hills and plains; Throughout India, in deciduous forests,also widely cultivated
A medium to large sized tree, 15-20 m in height with a clear bole of 7.0 m having greyish to dark grey tubercled bark; leaves compound, imparipinnate, leaflets, subopposite, serrate, very oblique at base; flowers cream or yellowish white in axillary panicles, staminal tubes conspicuous, cylindrical, widening above, 9-10 lobed at the apex; fruits one-seeded drupes with woody endocarp greenish yellow when ripe, seeds ellipsoid, cotyledons thick, fleshy and oily.
Root, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, oil
Properties and uses:
The leaves are bitter, astringent, acrid, depurative, antiseptic, ophthalmic, anthelmintic, alexeteric, appetizer, insecticidal, demulcent and refrigerant. They are useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, burning sensation, leprosy, skin diseases, leucoderma, pruritus, ophthalmopathy, intestinal worms, dyspepsia, ulcers, tuberculosis, boils, eczema and malarial and intermittent fevers.
The seeds are bitter, acrid, thermogenic, purgative, emollient, anodyne, anthelmintic, depurative, vulnerary, uterine stimulant and uterine astringent. They are useful in tumours, leprosy, skin diseases, odontalgia, intestinal worms, haemorrhoids, pulmonary tuberculosis, ophthalmopathy, wounds, ulcers, constipation, dystocia, antenatal diseases, urorrhea and diabetes.